The first step in preventing viral hepatitis is to get tested for hepatitis B and C viral infection. Fortunately, there are effective vaccines readily available for the prevention of hepatitis A and B viral infection. In addition, avoidance of sharing needles, syringes or other sharp objects, safe sex practices, and consumption of clean, safe food and water are all good measures to take in terms of preventing viral hepatitis. Screening for blood to be used in transfusions significantly reduced the transmission of viral hepatitis.